Intellectual Property & Cyber Crimes

Intellectual property rights are the legal rights that cover the privileges given to individuals who are the owners & inventors of a work, & have created something with their intellectual creativity. Online content always needs to be protected so we can’t separate Intellectual Property & Cyber Crimes. In cyberspace, sometimes one person makes a profit by using another person’s creative work without his or her consent. This a violation of privacy, & it is protected by IPR. In today’s world besides cyberbullying, & fraud, cybercrimes also includes infringement of copyrights & trademarks of various businesses & other organizations.

Keywords : Intellectual Property, Cyber Crime, Cyber Squatting, Hacking, Phishing, Vishing

Intellectual Property

Intellectual property means the ownership of property except real estate or personal property, as these are the outputs of human mind or spirit. Intellectual property rights are the legal rights of intellectual activity in the field of industry, science, literature & arts. These rights have a limitation by time.

The Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) laws in India are divided inti five main categories: trademarks, copyrights, patents, industrial designs & geographical indications.

India provides protection for intellectual property rights as per with its obligations under the TRIPS (Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) agreement of WTO.

Other than the civil solutions & damages, the police & other such authorities have the rights to take action against breaking the terms of law in case of intellectual property. The petitions for violations of IPR will be filed & tried in courts just like any other suits. Appeals are filed in the courts against management & administrative decisions relating to IPR.

Intellectual Property Law in India broadly covers the following areas:

Patents, Plant Variety Protection, Geographic Information, Traditional Knowledge, Copyright, Trade Marks, Trade Secrets & Industrial Designs.

Intellectual property rights have become the highlighted subject because of India’s entry in the WTO & signing the “TRIPS” agreement. Long before this agreement was signed in 1995, there were several treaties dealing with IPRs, such as copyrights, trademarks, patents, & other rights. The most well-known of them are:

• The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property of March 20, 1883

• Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary & Artistic Works of September 9,1886

• International Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms & Broadcasting Organizations done at Rome on October 26, 1961.

• Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks of April 14, 1891,

These all treaties have been periodically revised. But it was found that these treaties lacked an effective enforcement system by which parties to any of these treaties could ensure compliance with the terms of the treaties by other parties. Also the change in the pattern & pace of international trade highlighted the need for greater cohesion in the matter of mutual obligations & more precision in the description of the scope of the rights. TRIPS provided to its members an opportunity to redefine the content & scope of the rights.

TRIPS required first its signatory members, including India, updated their domestic legislation regarding the protection of those rights to the standards stipulated by TRIPS, which was the minimum standard of protection. That updating is a continuous process & while India has brought about several legislative changes into conformity with the requirements of TRIPS, some work still remains to be done.

Proponents of unrestricted file sharing point out how file sharing has given people broader & quicker access to media, has increased exposure to new & upcoming artists, & has considerably reduced the costs of transferring media (including less environmental damage). Supporters of restrictions on file sharing argue that we must protect the income of our artists & other people who work to create our media.

There is also a similar debate over intellectual property rights in case of software ownership. The two exactly opposite views are for closed source software distributed under restrictive licenses or for free & open – source software. The argument can be made that restrictions are required because companies would not invest weeks & months in development if there is no incentive for revenue generated from sales & licensing fees. A counter argument to this is that standing on shoulders of giants is far cheaper than when the giants don’t hold IP rights. Some advocated for open source are of belief that all programs should be available to anyone who wants to study them.

One reason for IP laws is to allow IP creators to benefit from their work/profession. If artists create sketch after months of hard work & labor, then they deserve credit & income from selling or exhibiting them. If a business comes up with an attractive marketing logo, then no other businesses should be allowed to use that logo for product promotion purposes without permission.

People also view protecting IP as a method of promoting creativity. If no one is allowed to copy another person’s work without permission, then we are encouraging creativity for everybody.

Cyber Crimes

Cybercrimes are unlawful acts where the computer is used either as a tool or a target or both. It is any illegal behavior directed by means of electronic operations that targets the security of computer systems & the data processed by them, or any illegal behavior committed by means of, or in relation to, a computer system or network, including such crimes as illegal possession & offering or distributing information by means of a computer system or network.

In recent surveys, it has been found that people are very cautious when it comes to documents that contain personal information on them by completely destroying them or assuring that they are safely stored.

The various types of cybercrimes can be classified as :

Cyber Stalking: It is a crime in which the attacker harasses a victim using electronic communication, such as e-mail or instant messaging, or messages posted to a website or a discussion group. A cyber stalker relies upon the anonymity afforded by the internet to allow them to stalk their victim without being detected.

Cyber stalking can be terribly frightening. It can destroy careers, credit, self-esteem, self-image, & friendships. It can even lead the victim into far greater physical danger when combined with real-world stalking. Victims of domestic violence are most of the time cyber stalking victims. One needs to be aware that technology can make cyber stalking easy. Spyware software can be used to monitor each & everything happening on your computer or mobile, giving tremendous amount of power & information to cyber stalkers.

Hacking: It means gaining an unauthorized access to data in a computer. It describes the fast development of new programs or the reverse engineering of already existing software to make the code better & more efficient. It also refers to expand the capabilities of any electronic device; to use them beyond the original intentions of the manufacturer.

Various terms like cracker, hacker & ethical hacker are used. Hacker are persons who enjoy learning the details of computer systems & expand their capabilities whereas, cracker is a person who uses his hacking skills for offensive purposes. Ethical hackers are usually security professionals who apply their hacking skills for defensive purposes.

Phishing: Phishing is a technique of fraudulently obtaining private information. In this the phisher sends an e-mail that appears to come from a legitimate business – a bank or credit card company requesting verification of information & warning of some dire consequence if it is not provided. The e-mail usually contains a link to a fraudulent web page that seems legitimate with company logos & content & has a form requesting everything from a home address to an ATM card’s PIN. Phishing involves false emails, chats, or websites designed to impersonate real systems with the goal of capturing sensitive data.

Vishing: It is also known as Phone Phishing. It uses an interactive voice response (IVR) system to recreate a legitimate sounding copy of a bank or other institution’s system. The victim is prompted (via a phishing e-mail) to call in to the bank via a number provided in order to verify information. A typical system will reject log-ins continually, ensuring the victim enters PINs or passwords multiple times, often disclosing several different passwords. More advanced systems transfer the victim to the attacker posing as a customer service agent for further questioning.

Baiting: It is like real-world Trojan Horse that uses physical media & relies on the curiosity or greed of the victim. It involves dangling something you want to entice you to take an action the criminal desires. It can be in the form of a music or movie download on a peer-to-peer site. Then, once the device is used or downloaded, the person or company’s computer gets infected with malicious software allowing the criminal to advance into your system.

Social Engineering: It is the act of obtaining or attempting to obtain secure data by conning an individual into revealing secure information. It is successful because its victims innately want to trust other people & are naturally helpful. The victims of social engineering are trickled into releasing information that they do not realize, will be used to attack a computer network. Criminals use social engineering tactics because it is usually easier to exploit natural inclination to trust than it is to discover ways to hack your software. As the saying goes, it is much easier to fool someone into giving you their password than it is for you to try hacking their password.

Reverse Social Engineering: It is a person-to-person attack in which an attacker convinces the target that he or she has a problem or might have a certain problem in the future & that he, the attacker, is ready to help you to solve the problem. Next, he gains the trust of the target & obtains access to sensitive information.

Cross-site scripting: It is a code injection security attack targeting web applications that delivers malicious, client-side scripts to a user’s web browser for execution. XSS attacks enable attackers to inject client-side scripts into web pages viewed by other users. A cross-site scripting vulnerability can be used by attackers to bypass access controls like same-origin policy.

Bot Nets: It is a group of computers controlled without their owner’s knowledge & used to send spam or make denial of service attacks. Malware is used to hijack the individual computers, also known as “zombies” & send directions through them. They are best known in terms of large spam networks, frequently based in the former Soviet Union.

A zombie or bot is often created through an Internet port that has been left open & through which a small Trojan horse program can be left for future activation. At a certain time, the zombie army “controller” can unleash the effects of the army by sending a single command, from an Internet Relay Channel (IRC) site. The computers that form a botnet can be programmed to redirect transmissions to a specific computer, such as a website that can be closed down by having to handle too much traffic – a distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack or, in the case of spam distribution, to many computers.

Cybersquatting: It means unauthorized registration & use of internet domain names that are similar to any business’s trademarks, service marks or company names.

Attack Vector: It is a path or means by which a hacker can gain access to a computer network server in order to deliver a payload or malicious outcome. It includes viruses, e-mail attachments, web pages, pop-up windows, instant messages, chat rooms, & deception.

Identity Theft: It is the deliberate use of someone else’s identity, to gain a financial advantage or obtain credit & other benefits in the other person’s name, & to the other person’s disadvantage or loss.

Integration of Intellectual Property in Cyber Universe

Intellectual property & cyber security are interlinked because of their common goal to protect the interests of the global community. The safety of one guide the security of the other. But, protecting just one is still not enough as there are specialized threats exclusively targeting intellectual properties. Besides the cost related to the mitigation of cyberattacks, a large portion of losses come from compromised intellectual assets. Because of this, understanding the importance of protecting both cyber security & intellectual property is a necessary step to avoid potential damages.

Malicious programs like computer viruses or cyber threats, pose serious threats to the integrity of the data contained within digital platforms. In this digital age, intellectual property like patent details, technological prototypes, & trade secrets are mostly stored in the digital network. Exposing these files to competitors creates a considerable risk of losing competitive advantage.

Despite improvements in combating cybercrime & threats, IT security professionals are still struggling to fully secure their organization & protect against breaches with 61 percent claiming to have experienced one to six data breaches & three-fourth of breaches require disclosure, putting reputation at risk.

Data breaches are becoming more serious as cybercriminals continue to target intellectual property putting the reputation of company brand or individuals at risk & increasing financial liability.


With the technological advancement & vast amount of growth in cyber world, copyright & trademarks are not limited to the traditional intellectual property but have spread to intellectual property rights over the internet. Cyberspace is becoming a place for intellectual property rights violation. That’s why it has become important that people should be aware of the illegal usage of their websites & webpages.

Hi, This is Dr. Aniket Saxena from Bareilly (India). I am an IIM – B, IMF (US), NISM & EQUALIFI Certified Financial Analyst, AML Pro, & Business Management Expert with PDM, MTech Laws, M. Int’l Laws, GMBA, EMBA (IT), EMBA (BI), & MCA, having around 14 years of experience in successfully implementing investment & financial strategies to achieve individual & business success.

Waste Removal Companies and How to Choose and Use Them

There are many waste removal companies in any large town or city. You can simply look one up and call them when you need to get rid of waste, but for good or great service it’s important to do some research first and to choose the best company for you.

Here are some home improvement tips to help you choose the right waste removal company:

Look at the company’s reputation. Look for companies with good reputations. This will help you feel confident that the company will take care of the waste removal process.

Ask about the price. Make sure the price is reasonable. You don’t want to overpay for the service.

Ask about the service. Make sure the company offers a good waste removal service. This will ensure that the process is done properly and that the waste is removed properly.

Ask about the schedule. Make sure the company has a schedule that fits your needs. You don’t want to have to wait until the last minute to have the waste removed.

Ask about the availability.

Make sure the company is responsible for the waste they collect and will only tip it at properly licensed waste disposal facilities.

There are a number of different types of local domestic and commercial waste removal companies that offer services these days. Some of the most common are described below:

Local Waste Disposal

Local waste disposal is the process of removing waste from an area. Waste disposal can be done by the local government, a private company, or a group of people. The three main methods of waste disposal are landfills, incinerators, and recycling.

Local waste disposal can be done in several ways. The local government might use landfills to dispose of solid waste. A private company might use incinerators to dispose of solid waste. A group of people might compost the solid waste and then use the compost to fertilize the land.

House Clearance Services

House clearance services are offered by companies that can help you declutter and tidy up your home in a snap. This can be a great way to make your living space feel more organized and stress-free.

Clean up your living space and declutter it, making it easier to live in and more organized and most people report that you will also feel happier.

Garden Clearance Services

Garden Clearance Services can help you clear a backlog of growth and discarded rubbish from any garden quickly. Most will always do their best to reuse, upcycle and down-cycle and recycle all the waste they collect.

In fact, most times now they will save money this way on the alternative of very high waste disposal costs for landfill and incineration.

If you have too much garden furniture, plants, or flowers, or if your garden is too small, you may need to hire a garden clearance service to help you declutter and organize your garden. This service can help you find items that you can donate to charity, sell online, or give to friends and family.

Pet Waste Removal

If you have a pet and find yourself struggling to cope with the amount of pet waste your pet produces, you may want to consider hiring a pet waste removal service. These companies are specially trained to take care of scooping up pet waste and disposing of it safely.

If you have a pet, you know that one of the things you have to take care of is getting rid of their waste.

Unfortunately, pet waste can be really messy and can stain furniture, floors, and other surfaces. That’s why it’s important to have a pet waste removal service that can take care of it for you.

They’ll come to your house and remove all the waste, leaving your house clean and tidy.

Man & Van Rubbish Clearance

Man and Van Rubbish Clearance is the perfect service for those who have a lot of rubbish to clear from a home or business location. A team of experts can help you get rid of all the rubbish in an area or property quickly and easily. They’ll take care of the entire process from start to finish, so you can focus on what’s important.

We cannot stress too highly that it is important to hire a company that has the necessary experience and is reliable.

Any waste management company should be licensed, bonded, and insured. It is also important to find out what type of waste they handle. If they are illegally handling waste, they may have to face financial penalties.

And you might also become implicated in the eyes of the police if your waste is found to have been illegally dumped.

Why Use a Local Waste Removal Company?

Using Waste Removal Companies can help businesses eliminate waste from their property and reduce their environmental footprint. Many professional waste management companies are dedicated to environmental protection. These companies collect, sort, and send waste to recycling facilities.

They use advanced equipment and technologies and strive to reduce the environmental impact of their services. Professional waste management companies can also help businesses reduce their costs by removing waste as cheaply as possible.

Fortunately, you may be in luck because waste removal companies are evolving to meet the increasing demand and getting much better at recycling according to the efficiency guide which is known as the waste hierarchy. The waste hierarchy has been devised to help people take the most sustainable option whenever waste is disposed of.

Clean Harbors is an example of a waste removal company that has expanded to more than 400 locations worldwide. It started with a trash truck and has grown into a multibillion-dollar corporation. They are also the largest organic compost facility operator in the United States.

Despite their huge size, this company has a long and turbulent history. Its owners fought for public health and the environment and have made this huge business out of a start-up using just one trash truck.

Waste-to-energy Facilities

Waste management businesses are more and more often announcing ventures to develop waste-to-energy facilities (WtE).

This technology can transform organic waste into transportation fuels. Including providing fuel for cars in the form of compressed biomethane (rCNG) in cylinders. It can also help power homes and businesses.

By turning trash into fuel, these companies can help save the planet and reduce our carbon footprint.

Trash Removal Rates and Services

If you choose a private waste removal company, you should ask about their rates and services. Some charge for monthly or yearly contracts. Some also charge per individual pickup. Make sure the prices you are quoted fit into your budget. Lastly, check if they offer any other services besides waste removal. It’s also important to find out whether the company offers any type of recycling.

The costs for garbage removal depend on the type of waste you have. Some items are recyclable while others require special equipment. Some of the more common items that are considered hazardous are batteries, fluorescent light bulbs, food waste, and yard waste. Depending on where you live, some types of waste may not be legally tipped on any particular landfill. Each landfill varies in the types of waste they can legally accept.

Your local government will enforce laws regarding hazardous waste, and there can be fines for illegal disposal.

The fees associated with waste removal may include dump fees, transfer station fees, pumping fees, and discharge fees. These fees are part of the cost of doing business for the company. These fees may be passed on to customers.

Find Out The Top 11 Things to Consider Before Getting into eCommerce

The rise of eCommerce is staggering. There are 12-24 million websites selling products and services online With more added every day. This is a constantly evolving area that is constantly evolving, with emerging fashions continuously bringing customers with their online purchasing experience. Like brick and mortar stores the process of launching an eCommerce store requires a lot of careful planning and preparation in the pre-launch, launch and post-launch phases. The online store owner must take into consideration a range of elements and address a variety of questions prior to starting to go live with eCommerce.

Consider these factors Before Starting an eCommerce Store

Here are a few things you need to think about before you venture into the world of eCommerce. Be aware that in addition to these elements, you’ll also require a good brand name so that people will recall your name. Furthermore, the eCommerce software that you create must appear and feel premium to be able to stand out from the competition.

Deciding on Products & Services
There is a tendency to see businesses that are new to eCommerce start by resembling the success of other eCommerce models and services. This isn’t a good idea, as you’re unlikely to be able to conduct the same studies they do on their targeted populations and geographical areas. It’s crucial to start by finding a niche. For instance, Amazon is the most sought-after eCommerce brand that began selling books before expanding into other goods.

Start with a few and type in the types of items and services which you think you are able to provide your customers with the best. This will enable you to comprehend the working processes and conduct an initial test of your market. It is essential to make your product distinct since you’re not likely to have the resources to offer discounts or other promotions similar to chains.

Researching Audiences & Competitors
After you’ve decided on the product you want to market it is important to determine the exact audience the product is being sold to. Recognizing the target market requires studying their buying, browsing as well as other behavior. It is important to determine the demographics you’re targeting, the kind of gadgets are they using for browsing, their purchasing preferences, where they live, what their geopolitics and cultural preferences are, and so on. Only when you’ve identified these factors you can set your business as well as marketing strategies.

The surveys of competitors are crucial to understanding the reality of the marketplace. You need to determine whether competitors provide similar or similar services similar to yours and then decide on strategies. Your business plan, financial planning, production and selling strategies will all be contingent on the competition that you encounter.

Inventory Management & Stock Tracking
If the items that you’re offering are digital and then you’re completely free of these concerns. In the event that you are not, you need to begin thinking about warehouse costs as well as inventory management and storage and tracking the inventory you have. The most popular eCommerce platforms provide built-in tools to help you manage your inventory management effectively. Third-party software applications are also available however, they require you to incorporate them into your app. It is also crucial to display your stock on the product page in real-time. This will help shoppers avoid the stress of not knowing if the product they’re looking for is in stock or not prior to the purchase process.

Shipping Management
eCommerce businesses typically tie up with a variety of shipping services which aid in bringing their products to their clients both locally and internationally. Naturally, the form of shipping service you use will depend on the specific target market you’ve selected. It is crucial to incorporate shipping calculators in your application in order to determine the total invoice amount. This informs customers of exactly what they will have to pay to allow an item to be delivered to their doorstep.

Third-party shipping services usually provide an API you must integrate, and will be a calculator for shipping. If you own your own shipping system, you’ll need to ask the developers to integrate their rates with the app. If this is the case it’s also wise to look into distributed warehouses as your business expands. This will help you and your customer’s shipping costs.

Managing Returns
The main drawback to eCommerce purchasing is the fact that buyers aren’t able to physically touch the product prior to buying it. This means that there’s no way to know if the product is unsuitable or defective before it is delivered. That’s why well-known eCommerce companies always provide options of refunds, returns and replacements, but with some flexibility and security.

Be sure to have the right procedures figured out to handle the request for a refund or replacement. It is essential to have defective items taken care of and then the money returned within a short time in order to keep confidence among your customers.

Figuring out Monetization
The next step is to choose an appropriate price for items and services. It will be based on the amount you invest, your regular expenses, employee costs in the development of your application, maintenance costs, as well as the minimum profits you will need to expand your business. It is important to take your time and conduct a study of the market before you decide on the price you will charge. If you constantly alter the price of your products or keep the same price as your competitors, you’ll not seem like a credible company. You must develop your own pricing policy which will allow you to make a mark.

Choosing the Right Development Team
After you’ve got the basic concepts and the eCommerce methods figured out you’ll require plenty of time to develop an application where customers can shop. There’s an abundance of high-quality eCommerce design services all over the world which can make the process easier for you. Select a firm with the necessary expertise in the development of eCommerce applications Make sure to take note of what their clients have to say about them.

Website or App
It is up to you to decide if would like to develop a web application, mobile application or both. This will impact the remainder of the development as well as other costs that you’ll have to pay. Based on current browsing habits and the accessibility of mobile phones applications for mobile devices are possibly the most effective way for people to buy with your store. If you have a limited budget web-based sites are an alternative

Development & Technologies
After that, you need to select the eCommerce platform that you want your app to be based upon. If you’ve decided to go with mobile apps then you must decide whether you’d like it to be either native or hybrid. Each has its own advantages and the development team can help you with which choice to make.

If you have a website, Shopify, BigCommerce, Magento and WordPress are excellent choices. Speak with your preferred web development company and learn about the advantages and disadvantages of each of the options available to you. Know about the costs for development and additional maintenance costs associated with these platforms, as well as the types of security and additional options they provide. This will help you determine whether you should spend money on additional plugins and extensions to help with shipping, tracking orders taxes, searching or anything else.

When you’ve decided on the best platform, you’ll need to select a suitable hosting service. The type the hosting service you select will depend on the number of services you’ve got and the volume of traffic you’re expecting. In addition to development costs, there will be recurring expenses such as hosting charges, subscription-model plugins, maintenance and much more. Be sure to be aware of the type of expenses you’ll have to pay prior to choosing the technology you will invest in.

If you’ve built a solid eStore and you have it filled with great items, you must promote it to your targeted market. It’s only when you broaden your audience and build brand visibility that your website will get more traffic and consequently more conversions. This means you need to think about not only development but marketing too and set an appropriate budget. It’s best to work with an expert digital marketing agency to handle this aspect, as successful marketing is a lengthy and complicated process.

Only by having a solid marketing strategy will you be able to stand out from your competition and make yourself noticeable to your customers. Discuss your preferred marketing partners and develop an effective plan. Utilize all channels that are available for advertising within your budget, and utilize social media whenever you can. Create profiles for your business on all channels that are appropriate and regularly market to a targeted group to ensure that they are able to access your website.

Investing in Security
The majority of 32.4 percentage of all successful online hacking attempts are targeted at the eCommerce sector. Hackers typically view small and newly launched eCommerce companies as easy targets due to their inadequate security systems. Online customers are putting their trust in them with their financial and personal information and expect that data to be secured. Attacks on your website do not just destroy your credibility but be a risk to those whose information is stolen.

Be sure to stay in front of these nefarious elements by investing in the right security measures. Continuously updating your administrator passwords and keeping all of your main databases and files updated as well as regularly backing up All of these will go a long way in ensuring your data is secure. Conduct regular vulnerability tests and utilize high-quality security software or other firewall services. Discuss additional measures that you could implement with your development team and request them to implement similar measures. You may also consider employing regularly scheduled support services for your site to ensure that everything is running smooth.


Your customers must be the primary focus of your eCommerce strategies. You can ensure a pleasant shopping experience by ensuring that your inventory, stocking and shipping, as well delivery, are all done smoothly. Naturally, a professional eCommerce development service will improve the performance of your eCommerce company significantly by using the most efficient, user-friendly and accessible application that is well-optimized. But it’s only with an enlightened long-term plan that you can achieve success in the field of eCommerce.

Start a Business – Welcome to the Numbers Game

Set Up Company Bank Accounts

Once you have officially formed your company and obtained an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS, you are now ready to open one or more bank accounts. Take your EIN and a copy of your articles of organization/incorporation with you to the bank. These are usually needed to open the bank account.

Obtain Additional Funding

Funding a new business can be one of the biggest challenges for business owners. It can be difficult to obtain a loan for a new business because that business has no history.

Be prepared as the business owner to have to personally guarantee any loan in the beginning. This means that your personal credit score and income history is critical. Even if you are applying for credit in the name of the business, it is really you personally that they are judging the loan upon. After all, your business is new, so what else does the bank have to go on for making a decision.

There are three credit bureaus for obtaining a credit report: Equifax, Experian, and Trans Union. You can also purchase your FICO score from MyFICO and some credit bureaus. The FICO store is a number that ranks your credit-worthiness.

You should strongly consider taking out initial lines of credit before quitting your existing job. The reason is because even if you have great credit, if you have no current income, it will be difficult to get a loan for your new business. Here are some suggestions for how you can obtain funds for your business.

The US Small Business Administration (SBA) has small business loan programs available. Be prepared to personally guarantee the loan and to spend a lot of time on documentation and paperwork.
personal loans that you then make to the business from your own lines of credit.
funding from family and friends
credit cards
home equity lines of credit
Obtain Business Credit Cards
Another funding step to consider is obtaining a credit card in the name of the business. Even if you have to personally guarantee the credit card, the benefit is that you start establishing a credit history for the business. Another reason this is valuable is because it helps you keep your personal expenses separated from your business expenses without having to do a lot of expense reports to reimburse yourself.

Accept Credit Cards

The easiest way to accept credit cards payments from your customers online is using Paypal, because you do not need a merchant account or good credit. Another great tool for accepting credit cards on your web site is 1ShoppingCart. If you need a physical machine to process credit cards in person, you will need to apply for an actual merchant account, which is based on your credit-worthiness.

Accounting Software

QuickBooks is a business accounting software program that is offered by Intuit. There are various other accounting programs on the market, but this is just one example for you to consider. You should pick the one that you are most comfortable with and that you will be most likely to use.

Set Up Physical Files

Although you will be using an accounting system, you still need to keep your paper files organized. The IRS requires you to maintain your receipts to prove your income and expenses.

Here are some example folders that you should consider creating for storing your files once you (or your bookkeeper) have entered them into an accounting software program:

Utility Bills
Bank Statements
Bank Loans
Credit Card Statements
Expense Reports
Office Supplies
You can also further subdivide these depending on how many different accounts you have, so any one file does not get too large.

Keep Business Records Separate From Personal Records

It might be tempting to pay some of your personal bills from your business checking account, but this is an absolute “No-No”. It is really important that you maintain your personal records separately from your business records.

One reason is because you can lose the protection that you are given by any separate legal entity you formed if you co-mingle your personal assets and your business assets together. In other words, someone could “pierce the corporate veil” and get to your personal assets because you were really just one and the same anyway (at least you acted like it).

Another reason it is important that you maintain your personal records separately from your business records is because it makes it much easier to identify the health of the business. If your house payment is mixed in with your business expenses, it makes it really difficult to see how well the business is actually performing.

Maintain The Records For the Business

Over time, you will need to continue to maintain the business records. This includes the income and expense records, but also includes your official corporate or company minute book, as described in Chapter 2.

If you are ever sued and you have a legal entity that provides any level of personal asset protection, this record book will be one of the first things that gets subpoenaed by the person suing you. They can try to show that you have not really maintained a legitimate entity separate from your personal life, and that you should thus be personally liable for the judgment too (because of the “piercing the corporate veil” idea mentioned above.

Meet Continued Filing Requirements

Over time, you will have various filing requirements that you must meet to keep your business out of trouble with various government agencies. Every business has different requirements depending on the nature of the business and how it operates, but here are some examples of the filing requirements you may have to meet:

Estimated quarterly income taxes – This is where you pay the IRS and your state revenue department a portion of the income taxes you owe throughout the year. See the end of Chapter 2 for links.
Payroll tax reports – If you have employees, you must file these (or have your payroll company do so, which is recommended).
Annual or bi-annual reports with your Secretary of State to maintain your entity in good standing.
Your annual corporate/entity tax return (in addition to your personal tax return, but with different filing deadlines.)
Sales tax returns
And more

Best computer science papers online

Computer science papers are part of the diverse types of assignments that students will encounter in their academic endeavor. Student undertaking engineering and computer science course will write computer science papers before they complete their course. It is important that student familiarize themselves with the right skills needed to complete such papers. The first vital skill in writing any academic paper is practice. Student should practice how to write different computer science papers. Some of the academic papers that students may encounter include computer essays, term papers, research papers, thesis and dissertation. It is vital for the student to practice the writing process depending on his academic level. Unfortunately, not all students have the ideal skills to complete an academic paper. Some students may have the right ideas regarding the completion of the paper, but they lack the skills to out the ideas into a sensible computer science paper. Such students risk failure if they persist to present poorly written papers.

Computer science papers services gives students a chance to complete their assignment in a way that guarantees excellent scores. The affordability of the computer science writings that we write makes us an ideal choice for students. We have affordable rates that suit students of varied financial statuses. The low pricing of the service is attributed to the desire of the company to serve all students. We have retained a standard fee throughout the years. We rarely hike the prices of computer science papers. The quality of the computer science papers also makes the company the ideal choice for many students. We have excellent writers who are dedicated to serving all students. The writers are well trained and certified. This means that we engage the service of professionals in the completion of the writing. We also operate 24/7 ensuring that the company does not experience any backlog in terms of completion of computer science papers.

The 24/7 operations also ensure that we are capable of handling urgent papers. Sometimes a client may place computer science papers that are very urgent. In such scenarios, we ensure that the client finds a reliable service provider who will ensure that the urgent computer science papers are completed. The company remains open throughout the year regardless of the holiday in question. The timely delivery of completed computer science papers makes the company an ideal choice for many students. We are known to deliver completed papers on time. This is attributed to many factors. We, for instance, have a dedicated team of writers who work tirelessly to ensure there is no backlog of computer science papers. We also have a first-come-first served strategy in which writers work on computer science papers that student sent first. The earlier the client sends a writing request, the sooner he shall receive a completed paper.

Originality is also emphasized with all computer science papers written from scratch. We also ensure that we scan all completed paper through a plagiarism checker to determine authenticity.

Clients who require a plagiarism report can request for one from the customer service. The
customer care service is also available 24/7 to assist all students with their enquiries. Scanning of completed papers is guaranteeing that students receive papers with 0% level of plagiarism.

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Cheap Computer Science Papers

Today the inevitable wind of change in technology has taken over since computers and progress are attached to each other. With the dawn of information and technology, which has produced computerization, computer science has taken adequate significance. As a subject of truth, a preponderance of people around the globe is receiving computer science education.

Scholars who are offering computer science courses are required to prepare or write computer science papers as the assignments assigned to them by their professors of instructors. In every University offering computer science courses, students are required to undertake coursework assignments after every one or two weeks. These assignments are mostly in the form of short computer projects that require detail writings. Furthermore, the assignments are of diversified categories such as computer science term papers, computer science essay, computer science dissertation essay, and computer science research paper among others. Developing computer science papers is not an easy task since it requires abundant time to complete writing the papers.

Preponderance part of students agonize with computer science papers since they always have limited time to complete their assignments, yet their supervisors demand completed assignments in the shortest time possible. Many students combine their courses with other small courses making their academic workload bulky and difficult in handling. As a result of multitasking, under limited time and external support many students end up performing poorly in their computer science papers assignments. Since computer science is an expansive field, which handles topics such as programming, and artificial intelligence a lot of effort is needed in terms of knowledge gathering. Nevertheless, due to the bulky syllabus students take in computer science papers it becomes practically impossible for them to handle their papers well.

The only savior for those kinds of students is to ask for assistance from computer science papers writing companies such as Computer science papers writing agency. Computer papers writing agency is a full-grown entrepreneurship entity aimed at helping students in writing computer science papers and all other academic papers. This agency has a long lasting legacy in preparing fully complete computer science papers credentials for students in all academic levels.

This legacy has been sustained by its persistence in writing quality and original computer science papers for more than three decades now. In addition, this company has endeavored to secure is clients who have witnessed its professionalism in preparing computer science papers.

On the different note, computer science papers agency has a team of writers who ensure thorough preparations of all academic document prepared by this company. As if not enough, these writers are also professional team of graduates from recognized Universities such as Harvard, Cambridge and Stanford. Additionally, these writers have postgraduate and undergraduate certified degrees for various courses offered in the universities. There should not be any reason for any student to dread requesting for their support since they are also alumni from different Universities. These writers have intensive knowledge on working out all academic papers since their many years of experience guarantees their efficiency in preparing all papers.

This agency has zero% tolerance policy on plagiarism cases since it has current software used in scanning all academic papers to ensure originality. On professionalism, the company ensures that all documents have grammar and spelling corrections of 95% and above scores. The company also provides a variety of styles of writing such as Harvard, Oxford MLA, APA and Chicago among others. Come one come all and witness a great deal of cheap computer science documents.

Professional computer science paper writers

Students pursuing computer science courses write computer science papers during and at the end of the semester. Students experience problems when writing computer science papers and this affects their grades. Some students do not have the skills and knowledge needed to write such assignments. Others have no time to complete the homework. This has compelled students to submit low quality computer science papers. As a result, students buy computer science papers from writing organizations. Many organizations around the globe offer help to students.

Most organizations helping students in their academic do not offer legitimate help, and this has affected student achievement. Students do not have the capability to differentiate genuine companies from those not genuine. Thus, they buy computer science papers from any company.

Students should consider various things when purchasing computer science paper including quality, deadline and plagiarism. Students should get assistance from companies that have the following attributes.

First, students should buy computer science papers from companies that have specialist writers.

Different companies hire different writers, and this determines the quality of services they offer to students. Some companies hire poor writers and others experienced and expert writers.

Therefore, students should be familiar with the writers before deciding to buy computer science papers. Students should get aid from specialist writers. The writers should have specialized in the computer science field. They can have knowledge in different areas of computer science.

This will ensure students get professional and satisfactory assignments. Many companies do not have the capability to employee specialist writers with adequate knowledge in computer science.

Instead, the companies employ writers with general degree and knowledge. The writers offer low quality services to students as they lack the skills and knowledge. The writers should have masters, doctorate and undergraduate qualifications. This will enable students to get pleasant work. The writers will also serve students from diverse academic levels. Some companies employ college writers with no knowledge and experience in writing masters, doctorate and undergraduate computer science papers.

Second, students should buy computer science papers from writers capable of providing original assignments. The writers should not obtain content from the internet and paste it as this influences student score. The writers should be able to use different sources and paraphrase the content of every source. The content not paraphrased should be put in quotes. Quotations preserve the originality of ideas and also prevent plagiarism. Hence, the writers should have experience in synthesizing content gotten from different sources into complete and original computer science papers. The writers should detect plagiarism before handing the home work to respective clients. This will eliminate any traces of plagiarism and boost student grades. The custom writing company should give originality and student score priority.

Third, students should buy computer science papers from writers capable of providing quality work. Quality comprises of correct grammar, coherency, no spelling errors and plagiarism. The writers should be conversant with the quality components to ensure each component is included.

The writers should ensure the assignments have no grammar and spelling mistakes. They should proofread the content to eliminate such mistakes. Editors should also check the assignments for errors before sending them to clients. Additionally, the writers should read computer science papers to ensure they have coherency. The flow of computer science papers affects student grades. The reader should be able to connect the ideas and read them clearly.

Online Chicago style writing services

Sometimes students normally find it hard to format their papers using the formatting style that the teacher has requested. One of this formatting style includes Chicago style. Teachers usually expect to receive papers that have been formatted properly according to what they have asked. Writing of Chicago style papers usually takes two forms. The first form includes writing of the papers using the bibliography and note system and the second include writing using the author date system. When writing Chicago style papers the nature of the style of the sources being used normally serve extremely well in determining the style that the student will prefer over the other style.

Writing Chicago style papers is usually easy; however, some students mostly find it hard when it comes to putting footnotes and end-notes. No matter the many years the student might have in writing Chicago style papers, they usually have doubt if they are doing what is right. In order to avoid the doubt, most students decide to seek form assistance from professionals who have experience in writing Chicago style papers. Chicago style writing company has experience writers who are professionals in writing Chicago style papers. These are writers who have qualities like no other in writing academic papers using Chicago style. In order to have remarkable class performance, students should buy Chicago style papers from this company.

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Chicago style papers are usually written by writers who have received training and they are experienced in writing papers from any level of education. The writers ensure that the papers are written based on the standards of customer. Before they can start writing the papers, they have to make sure that it is assigned to that the writer who is an expert in that field. Chicago style papers writers possess the right skills in formatting Chicago style papers. The writers are specialized in numerous academic fields, which make it possible for them to serve the requirements and needs of all the students in different countries in the globe. The writers have gained unmatched experience because this is a company that has been operational for a while. Chicago style papers writers are aware of the different academic requirements by different learning institutions. Therefore, they have to ensure that the papers that they sell to the students have to be accepted by the lecturers.

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All Chicago style papers have to be written according to the instructions that the writers have requested. This ensures that they meet the standard of the customer and that of the instructor. All Chicago style papers are normally written using proper grammar and have no language errors. The writers also check for plagiarism using the plagiarism software to check for any traces of plagiarized materials. This ensures that the papers are original. There is also a panel of editors who ensure that the proof read the papers so that to make sure that the writers clearly followed the customer’s instructions and the paper does not have language or grammar error.
Students who have the problem with writing Chicago style papers can contact with the writers in this company and buy Chicago style paper written following their instructions. The prices of this papers are affordable, and any student can manage the budget the also be able to, meet their daily needs.

Author is associated with Superior Papers which is a global Custom Essay Writing and Term Paper Writing Company. If you would like help in Research Papers and Term Paper Help you can visit Chicago Style Papers

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Many researchers have proven the fact that functioning of brain cells of infants is twice active as adult’s brain. Neurons are the brain cells that connect together and power of neuron have the potential of a PC. Connectivity of neurons decides the smartness or intelligence of individuals. In human, brain development and the learning ability of an individual is 50% in the first four years of age. The nerves of individuals are reduced as they grow up and this is why the 1000 trillion nerves present in an 8 months baby are reduced to 500 trillion as it grows up. A child that has given more opportunities to explore will be much smart.

A majority of children, more than 90% of them use their left brain, but the imperative fact to remember is the right brain must also be utilized. Education system present in almost all the schools is designed to develop or use the left brain. Right brain is never the less significant because it is responsible for creativity, arts, feeling, imagination, visualizing, daydreaming, rhythm, holistic thinking and many others. Hence it is equally important to develop both side of brain. It is also most important to take steps to keep both the brain much active, by keeping them to perform analytically on an equal basis. It is the responsibility of parents to give activities to their children that ensures the involvement of both brain. If both brain used by children it is probable to enhance their learning power and they can also increase their brain power. If brain development programs are offered to children they can make most of the program and develop their skills to give work to both side of brain and remains high in intelligence level. Development of brain in human beings is based on the degree of how much it is used. If it is left unused there are more probabilities for individuals to lose as brain works on the basis of use it or lose it.

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A lab report is a fundamental document for any scholar pursuing scientific studies. This type of academic document serves numerous roles. Firstly, instructors use a lab report to assess the student’s understanding of scientific concepts. For instance, the instructor might be interested in assessing the student’s proficiency in hydrocarbons. Using lab reports, this objective is easily achieved by the instructor. The lab reports are also essential tools for developing the communication skills of scholars.

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